Table 2

Independent associations of usual levels of body composition measures with incident heart failure

Models*HR (95% CI)P valueχ2
Anthropometry
 BMI1.57 (1.54 to 1.60)<0.0011994
 +WC1.22 (1.16 to 1.27)<0.00177
 WC1.67 (1.64 to 1.71)<0.0011992
 +BMI1.38 (1.32 to 1.45)<0.001169
 WHR1.67 (1.62 to 1.73)<0.0011083
 +BMI1.30 (1.25 to 1.34)<0.001203
Bioimpedance
 Body fat mass1.55 (1.52 to 1.58)<0.0011700
 +Fat free mass1.46 (1.41 to 1.50)<0.001617
 Fat-free mass1.25 (1.23 to 1.27)<0.001874
 +Body fat mass1.06 (1.04 to 1.08)<0.00131
DXA-imaging
 Body fat mass1.44 (1.28 to 1.62)<0.00136
 +Fat-free mass1.37 (1.18 to 1.59)<0.00118
 Fat-free mass1.26 (1.14 to 1.38)<0.00122
 +Body fat mass1.12 (1.01 to 1.26)0.044
 Visceral fat1.26 (1.16 to 1.35)<0.00133
 +Subcutaneous adipose tissue1.20 (1.09 to 1.33)<0.00112
 Subcutaneous adipose tissue1.44 (1.26 to 1.65)<0.00128
 +Visceral fat1.22 (1.02 to 1.47)0.035
  • *All models were stratified by age at risk (in 5-year ranges), sex and UK region and were adjusted for ethnicity, education, social deprivation, smoking, alcohol and physical activity.

  • BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; WHR, waist-hip ratio.