Table 4

Obstetric, fetal and neonatal outcomes

OutcomeEbstein’s anomaly (n=81)Other ROPAC (n=5658)P value
Obstetric and fetal outcomes
 Miscarriage1 (1.2)213 (3.8)0.233
 Therapeutic abortion2 (2.5)66 (1.2)0.282
 Twin pregnancy2 (2.5)94 (1.7)0.574
 Hypertensive disorders2 (2.5)270 (4.8)0.317
  Pregnancy induced hypertension2 (2.5)148 (2.7)0.913
  (Pre)eclampsia or HELLP syndrome0 (0)159 (2.9)0.123
 Gestational diabetes mellitus1 (1.2)159 (2.8)0.385
 Fetal death (>24 weeks)0 (0)72 (1.3)0.307
Delivery
 Gestational age at delivery, median (IQR), weeks38.0 (36.1–39.1)38.6 (37.3–39.7)0.032
 Caesarean section37 (45.7)2644 (46.7)0.853
  Emergency Caesarean section for obstetric reasons9 (11.8)757 (14.2)0.551
  Emergency Caesarean section for cardiac reasons1 (1.2)131 (2.5)0.519
 Postpartum haemorrhage0 (0)170 (3.0)0.113
Neonatal outcomes
 Preterm birth20 (24.7)885 (15.6)0.025
 Birth weight, mean (SD), g3024 (724.0)2970 (637.8)0.415
 Low birth weight (<2500 g)7 (8.6)666 (11.8)0.385
 Small for gestational age12 (14.8)572 (10.1)0.164
 Low Apgar score7 (8.6)390 (6.9)0.538
 Neonatal congenital heart disease4 (4.9)152 (2.7)0.216
 Neonatal death2 (2.5)31 (0.5)0.023
  • Data in n (%) unless otherwise specified. Bold values denote statistical significance at the p<0.05 level.

  • HELLP, haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets; ROPAC, Registry of Pregnancy and Cardiac disease.