Table 1

Codes used for identification of all-cause scoliosis

Coding system
Self-reported scoliosis468 (11.4%)SR: 1535
Kyphoscoliosis and scoliosis5 (0.1%)ICD9: 7373, 75 420
Congenital postural scoliosis0 (%)
Congenital scoliosis10 (0.2%)ICD10: Q763, M965, M41, M410, M4100–109, M411, M4110–119, M412, M4120–129, M413, M410–139, M414, M1410–149, M415, M1450–159, M418, M4180–189, M419, M4190–199
Post-radiation scoliosis10 (0.2%)
Childhood scoliosis (infantile and juvenile)23 (0.6%)
Other idiopathic scoliosis56 (1.4%)
Thoracogenic scoliosis24 (0.6%)
Neuromuscular scoliosis22 (0.6%)
Secondary scoliosis79 (2%)
Other forms of scoliosis226 (5.5%)
Unspecified scoliosis2685 (65.5%)
Unspecified scoliosis487 (11.9%)GP-derived
  • The HES data are coded using the International statistical Classification of Disease (ICD) codes, versions 9 and 10. The self-reported data (SR) have a UKB-specific coding system.

  • GP, general practitioner; ICD9, summary diagnoses (main and secondary); ICD10, underlying primary cause of death, contributory cause of death, and external cause of death, summary diagnoses (main and secondary); SR, non-cancer illness code, self-reported data.