Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the enrolled patients

CharacteristicsPatients (N=25)
Age (years)82.8±7.3
Female19 (76%)
BMI (kg/m2)22.7±5.0
EuroSCORE Ⅱ4.1±3.4
Medical history
 Hypertension23 (92%)
 Diabetes11 (44%)
 Post-CABG2 (8%)
 Post-PCI2 (8%)
 Stroke/TIA10 (40%)
 Atrial fibrillation6 (24%)
 Chronic kidney disease13 (52%)
Perioperative antithrombotic treatment
 Oral anticoagulants4 (16%)
 Clopidogrel10 (40%)
 Aspirin11 (44%)
Cardiac ultrasound
 PG max (mm Hg)84.8±25.4
 LVEF (%)56.9±10.2
 Vmax (m/s)4.6±0.67
 AVA (cm2)0.69±0.25
Procedure
 Self-expandable valve16 (64%)
 BAV15 (60%)
  • Data are presented as median±SD or n (%).

  • AVA, aortic valve area; BAV, balloon aortic valvuloplasty; BMI, body mass index; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; EuroSCORE, European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; PG, pressure gradient; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.