Table 2

Multivariable linear regression for the association between light PA and echocardiogram parameters

OutcomeModel 1Model 2Model 3
LVMI, g/m2.7−0.02882−0.005970.01003
RWT, ratio0.000140.000210.00030
LAVI, mL/m20.02431*0.03206*0.02840*
EF, %0.013360.013690.00728
E/e′, ratio−0.00843−0.005210.00086
GLS, %−0.02085−0.01784−0.01333
GCS, %−0.02332−0.02139−0.01778
SV, mL−0.02847−0.03209−0.03206
RV peak S, cm/s0.011260.012490.01287
RV FAC, %0.000480.000510.00034
TRV Max, cm/s0.202620.183270.13431
TAPSE, cm0.0037*0.0040*0.0037*
  • M1: demographics (age and sex).

  • M2: M1+systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive medication use.

  • M3: M2+other cardiovascular disease modifiable factors (diabetes mellitus, current smoking and continuous high-density lipoprotein).

  • Values are per 10 min/day light PA.

  • *P value <0.01.

  • E, peak early diastolic transmitral inflow velocities; EDV, end diastolic volume; e′, average of mitral early diastolic septal and lateral annular velocities; EF, ejection fraction; GCS, global circumferential strain; GLS, global longitudinal strain; LAVI, left atrial volume index; LVMI, left ventricular mass index; M, model; PA, physical activity; RV, right ventricular; RV FAC, RV fractional area change; RWT, relative valve thickness; SV, stroke vol; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; TRV, tricuspid regurgitation velocity.