Table 2

Consultant staff working within UK congenital cardiology level one centres and detail of leavers and joiners between 2010 and 2020

SurgeonsPaediatric cardiologistsACHD cardiologistsTotal
Total employed
January 2010309325148
January 2020 (WTE)39 (38)137 (128.5)42 (35.5)218 (202)
Median (range) per unit 20203 (3–5)10 (6–28)5 (3–7)
Joiners
Join in past 10 years (%)31 (79)101 (74)29 (69)161 (74)
UK trained (%)14 (45)68 (67)21 (72)103/161 (64)
New posts (%)10 (32)54 (53)20 (69)84/161 (52)
Leavers/ Turnover rate (ToR%)*
Left in past 10 years (ToR%)22 (64)57 (50)12 (36)91 (50)
Retired (% of leavers, ToR%)7 (32, 20)15 (26, 13)1 (8, 3)23 (25, 13)
UK move (% of leavers, ToR%)3 (14, 9)12 (21, 10)3 (25, 9)18 (20, 10)
Move abroad (% of leavers, ToR%)12 (55, 35)23 (40, 20)8 (67, 24)43 (47, 23)
Unknown (% of leavers, ToR%)07 (12, 6)07 (8, 4)
  • *ToR- Staff turnover rate calculated as: staff turnover rate=number of leavers / (staff in 2010+staff in 2020)/2.

  • ACHD, adult congenital heart disease; WTE, whole time equivalent.