Table 3

Characteristics of patient with low flow/low gradient AS

Low-flow, low-gradient ASNormal-flow, high-gradientSignificance
(p value)
n=10n=90
AVA baseline (cm2)0.73±0.140.76±0.150.571
AV mean gradient baseline (mm Hg)26.2±3.850.3±11.7<0.001
PASP baseline (mm Hg)39.3±12.7
%
39.5±11.8
%
0.966
LVEF baseline (%)36.9±6.755.4±7.3<0.001
LVEDD baseline (mm)55.3±9.149.8±5.40.006
LVESD baseline (mm)43.8±10.732.6±6<0.001
IVSd (mm)11.6±1.313.1±1.60.006
TAPSE baseline (mm)18.8±2.422±2.60.005
E/A0.8±0.60.7±0.30.501
E/E‘ average15±613.5±2.80.234
EuroSCORE II baseline (%)12.0±13.45.1±3.4<0.001
LAS, pre-TAVR10.6±4.815.6±5.90.011
ΔLAS−1.08±4.46%0.36±4.95%0.407
LAVi, pre-TAVR (mL/m2)49.7±22.548.1±13.10.791
ΔLAVi−8.1±15.7−11.6±17.40.672
  • AS, aortic stenosis; AV, aortic valve; AVA, aortic valve area; E/A, early-to-late diastolic flow ratio; E/E’, E-to-mean E’ ratio; IVSd, interventricular septal diameter diastolic; LAS, left atrial strain; LAVi, left atrial volume index; LVEDD, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESD, left ventricular end-systolic diameter; PASP, pulmonary artery systolic pressure; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane excursion; TAVR, transcatheter aortic valve replacement.