Table 2

Lifestyle interventions at study interview (approximately 1 year after the index event)

CHD outpatient
sample overall
History of
stable CCS
History of
ACS
P value
n=721n=322n=399
Self-reported exercise
 Regular exercise, n (%)449 (62.3)194 (60.2)255 (63.9)0.351
 How often do you engage in any regular activity long enough to work up a sweat? (heart beats rapidly), n (%)0.14
 Often276 (38.3)110 (34.2)166 (41.6)
 Sometimes201 (27.9)92 (28.6)109 (27.3)
 Never/rarely241 (33.4)118 (36.6)123 (30.8)
Self-reported dietary changes (since index event)
 Reduction of salt intake, n (%)543 (75.3)234 (72.7)309 (77.4)0.321
 Reduction of fat intake, n (%)570 (79.1)249 (77.3)321 (80.5)0.521
 Reduction of calorie intake, n (%)469 (65.0)214 (66.5)255 (63.9)0.762
 Reducing sugar intake, n (%)523 (72.5)223 (69.3)300 (75.2)0.105
 Eating more fruit and vegetables, n (%)605 (83.9)267 (82.9)338 (84.7)0.675
 Eating more fish, n (%)544 (75.5)236 (73.3)308 (77.2)0.472
Weight
 Self-reported weight loss, n (%)193 (26.8)80 (24.8)113 (28.3)0.124
 BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD)29.3 (4.90)29.7 (5.06)29.0 (4.75)0.073
 Prevalence of obesity (BMI=30), n (%)279 (38.7)128 (39.8)151 (37.8)0.207
 Prevalence of overweight subjects (BMI >25), n (%)607 (84.2)278 (86.3)329 (82.5)0.122
 Waist circumference, cm, mean (SD)100 (13.7)101 (14.3)99.2 (13.1)0.029
 Prevalence of central obesity (WC >88 cm for women, >102 cm for men)373 (51.7)179 (55.6)194 (48.6)0.136
Self-monitoring
 Self-monitoring of blood glucose in patients with diabetes, n (%)91 (76.5)44 (74.6)47 (78.3)0.789
 Blood pressure self-monitoring, n (%)91 (28.4)48 (29.1)43 (27.7)0.886
  • ACS, acute coronary syndrome; BMI, body mass index; CCS, chronic coronary syndrome; CHD, coronary heart disease; WC, Waist circumference.