Table 2

Intervention characteristics

Author, yearIntervention description provided by authorsGeneral approach
Ajiboye et al,19 2015Main interventionAerobic and resistance training and educationExercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care and education
Bernocchi et al,20 2018Main interventionTelerehabilitation and home-based personalised exercise maintenance programmeRemote communication and treatment
Comparator treatmentUsual care
van den Berg-Emons et al,31 2004Main interventionAerobic exercise trainingExercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care without particular advice for exercise
Boyne et al,21 2014Main interventionIndividually tailored e-health intervention 'Health Buddy'.Remote communication and treatment
Comparator treatmentEducation
Brodie et al,22 2005Main intervention 1Motivational InterviewingMotivational interviewing
Main intervention 2Motivational Interviewing and education
Comparator treatmentEducation
Collins et al,23 2004Main interventionAerobic exercise trainingExercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Corvera-Tindel et al,24 2004Main interventionA home walking exercise programmeExercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Cowie et al,25 2011Main intervention 1Hospital-based aerobic exercise trainingExercise
Main intervention 2Home-based exercise training
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Dalal et al,26 2019 (REACH-HF)Main interventionRehabilitation enablement in HF: self-care and rehabilitationExercise and behavioural change
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Freedland et al,27 2018Main interventionIntegrative cognitive–behavioural therapy and education and usual careCognitive–behavioural therapy
Comparator treatmentEnhanced (with education) usual care
O'Connor et al,37 2009 (HF-ACTION)Main interventionAerobic exercise training and Exercise adherence facilitation interventionExercise and behavioural change
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Jolly et al,36 2009Main interventionAerobic and resistance exercise trainingExercise
Comparator treatmentHF specialist nurse care
Meng et al,38 2016Main interventionSelf-management patient education programme and CRSelf-management
Comparator treatmentEducation
Pozehl et al,28 2018 (HEART Camp)Main interventionMulticomponent intervention and resistance exercise trainingExercise and behavioural change
Comparator treatmentEnhanced (nine exercise sessions for 3 months)
Smeulders et al,29 2009Main interventionChronic disease management programmeDisease management
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Tomita et al,30 2008Main interventionMultidisciplinary internet-based programme on HF managementRemote communication and treatment
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Willenheimer et al,32 2001Main interventionAerobic exercise trainingExercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care and discouragement to exercise
Witham et al,33 2005Main interventionSeated aerobic and resistance exercise trainingExercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Yeh et al,34 2011Main interventionExercise training (Tai Chi Mind-Body movement)Exercise
Comparator treatmentUsual care
Young et al35 2015; 2016Main interventionPatient Activation Intervention on self-management in HFSelf-management
Comparator treatmentUsual care
  • CR, cardiac rehabilitation; HF, heart failure.