Table 2

Study characteristics of included articles for the final systematic review and meta-analysis on HTN self-care among hypertensive patients in Ethiopia

AuthorsPublication yearData collection
year
Sample sizeResponse rateStudy designStudy
region
Study settingAssociated factors with SCPQuality assessment
(based on NOS)
Dawit et al22019201838595.5%CSAAReferral hospitalMales sex (AOR=1.76, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.90), urban residents (AOR=3.20, 95% CI 1.80 to 5.71)
The odds of good practice also increased with educational level; those with no formal education had poor HTN control practice.
8
Ademe et al452019201730998%CSAmharaReferral and general hospitalsDivorced participants (AOR=0.115, 95% CI 0.026 to 0.508) and those who lack source of information (AOR=0.084, 95% CI=0.022 to 0.322) were less likely to have good SCP, but participants who had a convenient place for exercise (AOR=2.968, 95% CI 1.826 to 4.825), who had good social support (AOR=2.204, 95% CI 1.272 to 3.821), who had traditional clergy-based teaching (AOR=2.209, 95% CI 1.064 to 4.584) and who had good self-care agency (AOR=1.222, 2.956) were more likely to have good SCP.7
Labata et al462019201634196.88%CSOromoReferral hospitalNormal weight (AOR=1.822, 95% CI 1.073 to 3.093) was an independent predictor of medication usage, whereas good self-efficacy (AOR=2.584, 95% CI 1.477 to 4.521) and being female (AOR=0.517, 95% CI 0.301 to 0.887) were independent predictors of low-salt diet and physical activity, respectively, also being female (AOR=3.626, 95% CI 1.211 to 10.851)9
Gebremichael et al2720192018320100%CSTigrayReferral hospitalSex (AOR=2.254, 95% CI 1.092 to 4.653), age (AOR=3.265, 95% CI 1.030 to 10.355), educational status (AOR=4.205, 95% CI 1.304 to 13.559), disease duration (AOR=3.124, 95% CI 1.204 to 8.105), BP status (AOR=2.728, 95% CI 1.256 to 5.926) and knowledge (AOR=6.196, 95% CI 2.906 to 13.214) showed significant statistical association with SCP.7
Niriayo et al4720192017276100%CSTigrayReferral hospitalRural resident (AOR=0.45, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.97), comorbidity (AOR=0.16, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.31) and negative medication belief (AOR=0.25, 95% CI 0.14 to 0.46) were significantly associated with medication adherence. Female sex (AOR=0.46, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.92), old age (AOR=0.19, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.60) and lack of knowledge on self-care behaviours (AOR=0.13, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.57) were significantly associated with adherence to weight management. Female sex (AOR=1.97, 95% CI 1.03 to 3.75) and lack of knowledge on self-care (AOR=0.07, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.16) were significantly associated with adherence to alcohol abstinence. Female sex (AOR=6.33, 95% CI 1.80 to 22.31) and khat chewing (AOR=0.08, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.24) were significantly associated with non-smoking behaviour. There was also a significant association between female sex and physical activity (AOR=0.22, 95% CI 0.12 to 0.40).8
Buda et al42201720597.5%CSSNNPRReferral hospitalAge (AOR=0.27, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.61), educational status (AOR=2.00, 95% CI 1.33 to 6.75), monthly income (AOR=2.46, 95% CI 1.32 to 4.63), years since diagnosis (AOR=2.48, 95% CI 1.32–4.69) and comorbidity (AOR=0.28, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.61) were factors significantly associated with lifestyle modification practice (p<0.05).8
Worku Kassahun4420202019384100%CSAmharaReferral hospitalNM7
Tibebu et al482017201640497%CSAAReferral hospitalFemale respondents (AOR=2.29, 95% CI 1.10 to 4.75), old aged adult group (AOR=5.72, 95% CI 1.16 to 28.14), no comorbidities (AOR=0.24, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.50), good knowledge (AOR=13.27, 95% CI 4.12 to 42.72)8
Nadewu et al492018201540195%CSHararReferral and general hospitalsWidowed (AOR=4.29, 95% CI 1.20 to 15.4, 0.025). Respondents who can read and write were 2.63 (AOR=2.63, 95% CI 1.19 to 5.82, 0.017); educated primary school (1–8) were 2.32 (AOR=2.32, 95% CI 1.13 to 4.75, 0.022); respondents come from 3 km and far (AOR=2.4, 95% CI=1.26 to 4.84, 0.009). Not regular follow-up visit t (AOR=3.76, 95% CI 1.56 to 9.07, 0.003), khat chewers (AOR=4.06, 95% CI 2.21 to 7.48, 0.000)7
Seid and Yimam5020202016.32298 %CSOromiaReferral hospitalBeing employed (AOR=2.032, 95% CI 1.162 to 3.552), educational attainment (AOR=3.730, 95% CI 1.837 to 7.576) and presence of comorbidity diseases (AOR=0.502, 95% CI 0.2886 to 0.8850)8
Fetensa et al2820192019222100%CSOromiaReferral hospitalNM9
Ahmed51Not published2016369CSAAReferral hospitalNM7
  • AA, Addis Ababa; AOR, adjusted OR; BP, blood pressure; CS, cross-sectional; HTN, hypertension; NM, not mentioned; NOS, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale; SCP, self-care practice; SNPPR, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region.