Table 2

2D echocardiography—V-scan overall and with or without murmurs

Total
(n=167)
AS-specific murmur
(n=6)
Unspecific murmur
(n=24)
No murmur
(n=137)
Normal V-scan (no impaired AV mobility, thickening, calcification and no MR), n (%)117 (70.1)1 (16.7)13 (54.2)103 (75.2)
Abnormal V-scan (any of impaired AV mobility, thickening, calcification and no MR), n (%)50 (29.9)5 (83.3)11 (45.8)34 (24.8)
 Impaired AV mobility, thickening or calcification, n (%)50 (29.9)5 (83.3)11 (45.8)34 (24.8)
 Any MR, n (%)1 (2.0)0 (0)1* (4.2)0 (0)
AV mobility
 Normal, n (%)159 (95.2)2 (33.3)21 (87.5)136 (99.3)
 Mildly restricted, n (%)8 (4.8)4 (66.7)3 (12.5)1 (0.7)
 Moderately restricted, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
AV thickening
 Normal, n (%)139 (83.2)1 (16.7)16 (66.7)122 (89.1)
 Mildly thickened, n (%)26 (15.6)4 (66.7)7 (29.2)15 (10.9)
 Moderately thickened, n (%)2 (1.2)1 (16.7)1 (4.2)0 (0)
AV calcification
 None, n (%)128 (76.6)3 (50.0)14 (58.3)111 (81.0)
 Mildly calcified, n (%)27 (16.2)1 (16.7)4 (16.7)22 (16.1)
 Moderately calcified, n (%)12 (7.2)2 (33.3)6 (25.0)4 (2.9)
 Severely calcified, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
MR (severity)
 None, n (%)166 (99.4)6 (100.0)23 (95.8)137 (100.0)
 1+, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 2+, n (%)1 (0.6)0 (0)1 (4.2)0 (0)
Left ventricular size
 Normal, n (%)144 (86.2)4 (66.7)23 (95.8)117 (85.4)
 Dilated, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Not assessable, n (%)23 (13.8)2 (33.3)1 (4.2)20 (14.6)
Left ventricular function
 Normal, n (%)144 (86.2)4 (66.7)23 (95.8)117 (85.4)
 Impaired, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
 Not assessable, n (%)23 (13.8)2 (33.3)1 (4.2)20 (14.6)
Left ventricular hypertrophy
 No, n (%)164 (98.2)6 (100.0)24 (100.0)134 (97.8)
 Yes, n (%)3 (1.8)0 (0)0 (0)3 (2.2)
 Not assessable, n (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
AF during echocardiography, n (%)8 (4.8)2 (33.3)0 (0)6 (4.4)
  • *The patient MR also had impaired AV mobility as well.

  • AF, atrial fibrillation; AS, aortic stenosis; AV, aortic valve; MR, mitral regurgitation.