Table 1

Characteristics of study patients (N=223)

ParameterValue
Age (years)71.3±9.9
Gender, male122 (54.7%)
LV-EF (%)51.7±14.0
Type of atrial fibrillation
 Paroxysmal71 (31.8%)
 Persistent123 (55.1%)
 Permanent29 (13.0%)
Hypertension200 (89.7%)
Diabetes85 (38.1%)
Previous stroke31 (13.9%)
  • See also Ebelt et al.4

  • LV-EF, left ventricular ejection fraction.