Table 5

Clinical characteristics in categorised groups by LV and PV reserve

Norma LV and PV reserveImpaired PV and normal LV reserveImpaired LV and normal PV reserveImpaired LV and PV reserve
Male, %5 (10)6 (17)1 (4)2 (7)
Rest echocardiographic variables
LVEDVi, mL/m250±1050±1448±1148±9
LVESVi, mL/m217±417±517±417±4
LVEF, %65±466±364±366±4
LVMi, g/m276±1776±1574±2074±15
LAVi, mL/m227±827±1032±729±11
e’, cm/s11±311±310±210±3
RVEDA, cm214±315±414±314±3
RVESA, cm28±28±28±28±2
RVFAC, %44±1146±943±1044±10
GLS, %19±219±419±219±3
RVLS, %24±526±624±725±7
Exercise haemodynamics
Mean PAP, mm Hg17±217±418±218±3
Mean PAWP, mm Hg10±211±512±411±4
CO, L/min3.9±1.13.9±1.63.7±1.03.7±0.9
PVR, wood unit1.9±0.91.8±0.91.8±0.82.4±1.8
Exercise mean PAP, mm Hg21±424±5*21±326±6*
Exercise mean PAWP, mm Hg11±312±515±4*14±5*
Exercise CO, L/min7.3±2.55.5±1.7*5.8±1.8*4.9±0.9*
Exercise PVR, wood unit1.6±0.62.4±0.8*1.3±0.62.7±1.4*
ΔmPAP/ΔCO, mm Hg/L/min1.6±0.75.0±2.0*1.8±0.79.5±6.0*
ΔmPAWP/ΔCO, mm Hg/L/min0.3±0.20.7±0.41.5±0.5*3.0±1.7*
HR for outcomesReference9.9 (1.2–83.1)*8.4 (1.1–72.8)*35.4 (4.6–271)*
  • *Versus normal LV and PV, p<0.05.

  • CO, cardiac output; e’, early diastolic mitral annular motion; E, early diastolic transmitral flow velocity; LAVi, left atrial volume index; LVEDVi, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESVi, left ventricular end-systolic volume index; LVMi, left ventricular mass index; mPAP, mean pulmonary artery pressure; mPAWP, mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure; PVR, pulmonary vascular resistance; RVEA, right ventricular end-diastolic area; RVESA, right ventricular end-systolic area; RVFAC, right ventricular functional area change; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion.