Table 2

Haemodynamic parameters

AllEvent (+)Event (-)P value
Rest echocardiographic variables
LVEDVi, mL/m249±1149±1449±100.87
LVESVi, mL/m217±417±617±40.59
LVEF, %65±466±365±40.15
LVMi, g/m275±1772±1976±160.31
LAVi, mL/m229±929±1228±90.79
e’, cm/s10±311±310±30.27
RVEDA, cm214±313±314±30.10
RVESA, cm28±28±28±20.78
RVFAC, %44±1041±1245±100.14
TAPSE, mm22±421±422±40.50
GLS, %19±318±219±30.19
RVLS, %25±625±725±60.87
Exercise haemodynamics
Mean PAP, mm Hg17±318±317±30.29
Mean PAWP,11±412±411±40.09
CO, L/min3.8±1.24.1±1.73.8±1.10.41
PVR, wood unit1.9±1.11.9±0.81.9±1.20.57
Exercise mean PAP, mm Hg23±525±423±50.05
Exercise mean PAWP, mm Hg13±414±512±40.04
Exercise CO, L/min6.1±2.15.6±2.16.2±2.10.19
Exercise PVR, wood unit1.9±1.02.2±1.11.9±0.90.17
ΔmPAP/ΔCO, mm Hg/L/min4.1±2.58.9±3.83.0±1.70.008
ΔmPAWP/ΔCO, mm Hg/L/min1.1±0.62.2±0.90.9±0.50.004
Δe’, cm/s0.9±3.10.5±3.61.0±3.10.63
  • Data are presented as number of patients (percentage) and mean±SD.

  • CO, cardiac output; e’, early diastolic mitral annular motion; E, early diastolic transmitral flow velocity; LAVi, left atrial volume index; LVEDVi, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESVi, left ventricular end-systolic volume index; LVMi, left ventricular mass index; mPAP, mean pulmonary artery pressure; mPAWP, mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure; PVR, pulmonary vascular resistance; RVEA, right ventricular end-diastolic area; RVESA, right ventricular end-systolic area; RVFAC, right ventricular functional area change; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion.