Table 1

Univariate associations of EQ-5D index score and EQ-5D VAS score by patient characteristics

NEQ-5D index score, mean (SD)P valueEQ-5D VAS score, mean (SD)P value
Age (years)
 50–6020040.86 (0.21)<0.00176.50 (17.57)<0.001
 60–7034420.86 (0.20)77.22 (16.50)
 70–8028850.83 (0.21)75.09 (16.62)
 80+6470.77 (0.23)72.42 (17.89)
Sex
 Male68270.87 (0.19)<0.00176.84 (16.42)<0.001
 Female21510.77 (0.25)73.45 (18.24)
BMI (kg/m2)
 <3068820.86 (0.19)<0.00176.94 (16.38)<0.001
 30+20960.78 (0.25)73.06 (18.34)
Heart rate (beats/min)
 <7051510.85 (0.20)<0.00176.59 (16.83)<0.001
 70–7924930.84 (0.21)76.09 (16.35)
 80–8910040.82 (0.23)74.50 (17.75)
 90+3300.81 (0.22)71.59 (19.28)
Smoking status
 Never33780.84 (0.21)0.7176.21 (17.01)0.04
 Former43510.85 (0.21)76.26 (16.79)
 Current12470.84 (0.22)74.73 (17.22)
Years in education
 No formal education3550.79 (0.24)<0.00172.58 (19.48)<0.001
 1–926920.82 (0.22)75.66 (16.74)
 10–1228050.84 (0.22)75.38 (17.27)
 13–1515680.86 (0.19)76.97 (16.12)
 16+14530.89 (0.18)77.87 (16.45)
Type of index MI
 STEMI46990.86 (0.20)<0.00176.83 (16.49)<0.001
 NSTEMI37490.82 (0.22)74.74 (17.59)
 Unknown5300.84 (0.21)78.09 (15.43)
Management of index MI
 PCI72430.85 (0.21)0.0176.45 (16.66)0.65
 CABG6640.83 (0.22)76.76 (16.01)
 Medical10710.80 (0.22)72.73 (18.90)
Second prior MI
 No80570.85 (0.21)<0.00176.46 (16.66)<0.001
 Yes9210.81 (0.23)72.28 (18.74)
Diabetes
 No diabetes59780.86 (0.20)<0.00176.95 (16.36)<0.001
 Non-insulin-treated diabetes20780.84 (0.21)75.38 (17.34)
 Insulin-treated diabetes8630.77 (0.26)71.50 (18.66)
CKD
 No82910.85 (0.21)<0.00176.46 (16.69)<0.001
 Yes6870.78 (0.25)70.87 (18.92)
History of major bleed
 No87250.85 (0.21)<0.00176.08 (16.96)0.11
 Yes2530.78 (0.26)74.35 (16.17)
PAD
 No83790.85 (0.20)<0.00176.48 (16.66)<0.001
 Yes5990.75 (0.25)69.64 (19.31)
Heart failure
 No79470.85 (0.20)<0.00176.79 (16.44)<0.001
 Yes10310.77 (0.26)70.17 (19.40)
Anaemia
 No87210.85 (0.21)<0.00176.22 (16.81)<0.001
 Yes2570.73 (0.26)69.55 (19.61)
Angina
 No80860.85 (0.20)<0.00176.70 (16.51)<0.001
 Yes8920.76 (0.24)69.92 (19.32)
Stroke
 No85760.85 (0.21)<0.00176.25 (16.79)<0.001
 Yes4020.76 (0.25)71.36 (19.24)
Cardiovascular event (last 6 months)
 No85440.85 (0.21)<0.00176.41 (16.63)<0.001
 Yes4340.79 (0.23)68.53 (20.77)
ER visit (last 6 months)
 No84660.85 (0.21)<0.00176.42 (16.69)<0.001
 Yes5120.76 (0.24)69.58 (19.51)
COPD
 No83350.85 (0.21)<0.00176.44 (16.77)<0.001
 Yes6430.77 (0.24)70.66 (18.14)
Prior peptic ulcer
 No86840.85 (0.21)<0.00176.21 (16.83)<0.001
 Yes2940.78 (0.26)70.58 (19.08)
Diuretics
 No65990.86 (0.20)<0.00177.28 (16.46)<0.001
 Yes22580.79 (0.24)72.29 (17.72)
Region
 Asia and Australia27990.89 (0.17)<0.00177.64 (14.95)<0.001
 Europe40980.83 (0.22)73.39 (18.01)
 North America9810.82 (0.23)77.47 (17.38)
 Latin America11000.81 (0.23)80.49 (15.50)
  • BMI, body mass index; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; CKD, chronic kidney disease; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; EQ-5D, EuroQol-5 dimension; ER, emergency room; MI, myocardial infarction; NSTEMI, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction; PAD, peripheral artery disease; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; STEMI, ST-elevation myocardial infarction; VAS, Visual Analogue Scale.