Table 3

Estimates and determinants of incident hypertension (HTN) in population-based studies published in the last decade

Study
Publication year
Country (ref)
Number
Follow-up
Age range
Reported incidence of HTNIdentified risk factors—multivariate analysis
Rai et al
2020
India7
8977
5 years
≥18 years
7.9% in men
5.9% in women
Age
Mohan et al
2020
India27
1691
9 years
28.7/1000 person-yearsPrehypertension
Dysglycaemia
Central obesity
Physical inactivity
Fidalgo et al
2019
Switzerland23
3299
10 years
35–75 years
26.8% over 10 yearsMale gender
1.20 (1.07–1.35)
Physical activity
0.86 (0.77–0.96)
Prabhakaran et al
2017
India, Pakistan6
12 504
2 years
20+ years
82.6/1000 person-years, 95% CI: 80.8 to 84.4Age
Socioeconomic status
Current alcohol use
Overweight
Prehypertension
Dysglycaemia
Kumar and Patnaik
2018
India28
52 217
12.7 years
17+ years
58.6/100 000 person-yearsCohort was young and from army periodic check-up records and not truly representative of community
Diederichs and Neuhauser
2017
Germany24
3045
10+ years
18–79 years
26.2% over 11.9 yearsBaseline systolic blood pressure
Lacruz et al
2015
Germany26
1436
4 years
45–83 years
8.6 (4.3–12.9) men
5.4 (2.8–10.6) women
Sun et al
2014
China25
20 247 (Han)/4793 (Mongol)
4.2 years
35+ years
9.77/100 person-years (Han)
12.64/100 person-years (Mongol)
Age
Prehypertension
Body mass index
Physical activity
Lee et al
2011
Korea19
730
5 years
20+ years
22.9% (95% CI 19.9% to 29.0%) over 5 yearsAge >65 years
2.26 (1.21–4.20)
Prehypertension
2.25 (1.48–3.42)