Table 1

Study demographics

No HFHFP value
n=1776n=4368
Age (years)78±980±9<0.01
NT-proBNP946±8102593±8918<0.01
Gender (male)764 (43%)1999 (46%)0.05
Ischaemic heart disease406 (23%)1565 (36%)<0.01
Valvular heart disease127 (7%)1042 (24%)<0.01
Previous myocardial infarction125 (7%)701 (16%)<0.01
Obesity57 (3%)189 (4%)0.043
Hypertension1110 (63%)2856 (65%)0.032
Diabetes mellitus307 (17%)982 (22%)<0.01
Hypercholesterolaemia300 (17%)906 (21%)<0.01
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease328 (18%)806 (18%)0.988
Dementia18 (1%)79 (2%)0.023
Smoker507 (29%)1358 (31%)0.049
Cerebrovascular accident189 (11%)598 (14%)<0.01
Chronic kidney disease (II–V)886 (50%)2621 (60%)<0.01
New York Heart Association functional class1.8±0.72.3±0.7<0.01
  • HF, heart failure; NT-proBNP, N-terminal pro-brain-type natriuretic peptide.