Table 3

Thirty-day clinical outcomes

All (n=873)Male (n=398)Female (n=475)P value
Death, n (%)33 (3.8)13 (3.4)20 (4.3)0.48
Stroke, n (%)13 (1.5)6 (1.6)7 (1.5)0.95
Major vascular injury, n (%)32 (3.7)7 (1.8)25 (5.5)0.006
NYHA class, mean1.5 (0.6)1.5 (0.6)1.5 (0.6)0.88
NYHA class III or IV, n (%)36 (4.1)16 (4.8)20 (5.7)0.82
EF, % (SD)59 (11)58 (12)61 (11)0.02
AVA, mean (SD), cm21.7 (0.5)1.9 (0.5)1.6 (0.4)<0.001
Indexed AVA, mean (SD), cm2/m21.10 (0.31)1.12 (0.32)1.09 (0.30)0.33
MPG, mm Hg (SD)10.8 (5.9)10.6 (5.7)11.0 (6.0)0.40
Paravalvular leak (mild or more), n (%)280 (32.1)143 (35.9)137 (28.8)0.02
Paravalvular leak (moderate-severe), n (%)31 (3.6)18 (4.5)13 (2.7)0.16
New LBBB, n (%)116 (13.3)51 (14.7)65 (14.5)0.99
PPM, n (%)82 (9.4)33 (9.0)49 (11.2)0.52
  • AVA, aortic valve area; EF, ejection fraction; LBBB, left bundle branch block; MPG, mean pressure gradient; NYHA, New York Heart Association; PPM, permanent pacemaker.