Table 2

Risk factors by anticoagulant/platelet inhibitor use (single platelet inhibitor or less, warfarin, DAPT or DOAC)

Single platelet inhibitor or lessWarfarinDAPTDOAC
Number of operationsn1088136
Agey67 (14.2)69.5 (14.8)51 (22)75.5 (6.5)* DOAC vs DAPT
Female gender%4425850
Hypercholesterolaemia%19334017
Diabetes on insulin%11400
Hypertension%61869283
Renal failure%72900
Chronic pulmonary disease%1540230
Extracardiac arteriopathy%19673833*
Poor mobility%1938230*
Previous cardiac surgery%13800*
Previous myocardial infarction%343310*
Myocardial infarction previous
3 months
%00380*
Prior PCI%529330*
Unstable angina%10420*
Arrhythmia%1157867*
History of severe ventricular arrhythmia%3080
Permanent pacemaker/CRT%11200
Left ventricular dysfunction%1450270
Pulmonary hypertension%3000
Critical preoperative state%64758583
Thoracic aortic aneurysm%70627750
Abdominal aortic aneurysm%629017
  • *p<0.05

  • CRT, Cardiac resynchronisation therapy ; DAPT, dual anti-platelet inhibitors; DOAC, direct oral anticoagulants ; PCI, Percutaneous coronary intervention; y, years.