Table 4

Main ultrasonographic findings for cardiomyopathies observed with transthoracic ultrasonography in Cayenne General Hospital ultrasonographic data of cardiomyopathies at Cayenne General Hospital between 1 January 2009 and 1 June 2014

Cardiomyopathies globalMorphological anomalyFunctional anomaly
HypertrophicDilatedMixedNon-classifiedNon-classifiable
N=182, n (%)N=27, n (%)N=114, n (%)N=27, n (%)N=1, n (%)N=13, n (%)
Transthoracic data only available for acute phase125 (68.7)15 (55.6)80 (70.2)22 (81.5)0 (0.0)8 (61.5)
Evaluation of cardiac kinetics
 Normal20 (11.0)2 (7.4)8 (7.0)8 (29.6)0 (0.0)2 (15.4)
 Global hypokinesia84 (46.2)7 (25.9)61 (53.5)10 (37.0)0 (0.0)6 (46.1)
 Segment hypokinesia16 (8.8)3 (11.1)8 (7.0)3 (11.1)0 (0.0)2 (15.4)
 Segment akinesia7 (3.8)0 (0.0)4 (3.5)1 (3.7)0 (0.0)2 (15.4)
 Segment dyskinesia4 (2.2)1 (3.7)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (7.7)
 Global dyskinesia2 (1.1)0 (0.0)2 (1.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Not found49 (26.9)14 (51.9)29 (25.4)5 (18.6)1 (100.0)0 (0.0)
Associated valvulopathies
 Presence*144 (79.1)10 (37.0)97 (85.1)26 (96.3)1 (100.0)10 (76.9)
 Absence38 (20.9)17 (63.0)17 (14.9)1 (3.7)0 (0.0)3 (23.1)
Associated endocarditis1 (0.5)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (7.7)
Associated pericarditis28 (15.4)3 (11.1)19 (16.7)4 (14.8)0 (0.0)2 (15.4)
Presence of subaortic obstruction of the left ventricule ejection pathway†4 (2.0)4 (14.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
  • The ‘Mixed’ morphological group includes 23 patients presenting at the same time hypertrophic and dilated morphology, three patients presenting at the same time a dilated and unclassified morphologies, and one presenting at the same time hypertrophic and unclassified morphologies.

  • The functional impairment is defined by a systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction, diagnosed during transthoracic ultrasonography, without associations with a morphological anomaly, hypertension or valvulopathy, or coronaropathy, or congenital malformation.

  • Bold numbers represent totals. Non-bold numbers represent details in subcategories.

  • *Includes any type of valuvlopathies and one patient with a congenital double mitral orifice.