Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the four groups

RA+placebo
(n=19)
RA+MNCs
(n=20)
IA+placebo
(n=17)
IA+MNCs
(n=20)
P value
Male (%)18 (94.7)18 (90.0)15 (88.2)17 (85.0)0.797
Age (years)51.7±9.157.0±12.750.1±13.052.9±13.80.360
BMI (kg/m2)25.5±6.225.2±3.026.6±4.626.2±3.00.773
Killip class1.89±1.291.60±0.881.53±0.871.75±1.070.720
IABP (%)3 (15.8)1 (5.0)1 (5.9)4 (20.0)0.386
Hypertension (%)10 (52.6)12 (60.0)7 (41.2)9 (45)0.668
Diabetes (%)6 (31.6)4 (20.0)4 (23.5)3 (15.0)0.666
Hyperlipidaemia (%)8 (42.1)3 (15.0)8 (47.1)7 (35.0)0.168
Stroke (%)0001 (5.0%)0.417
Smoking (%)17 (89.5)13 (65.0)13 (76.5)10 (50.0)0.050
CHD family history (%)4 (21.1)2 (10.0)3 (17.6)2 (10.0)0.729
Previous MI (%)2 (10.5)4 (20%)0 (0)0 (0)0.055
Previous coronary revascularisation (%)1 (5.3)2 (10.0)0 (0)0 (0)0.503
SBP (mm Hg)113.1±16.0110.7±13.0120.8±17.6115.2±19.20.307
HR (bpm)80.6±19.275.8±14.876.3±10.982.1±16.90.520
ALT (IU/L)86.4±76.157.0±41.946.2±41.256.4±32.80.100
Scr (umol/L)84.2±10.989.0±19.787.5±17.085.9±14.70.804
HbA1c (%)6.4±1.26.5±1.46.6±1.56.2±1.30.866
WBC (*109/L)9.9±3.59.8±5.58.8±2.49.0±4.30.821
HCT (%)42.3±5.043.3±4.539.9±3.739.5±8.90.155
HGB (g/L)140.1±19.3145.6±16.3138.3±10.0136.6±14.10.295
PLT (*109/L)262.8±119.9226.3±92.1258.7±93.0252.4±83.00.656
Medications
 Aspirin (%)19 (100)20 (100)17 (100)20 (100)NS
 Clopidogrel (%)19 (100)20 (100)17 (100)20 (100)NS
 Beta-blockers (%)17 (89.5)19 (95.0)16 (94.1)18 (90.0)0.912
 RAASi (%)14 (73.7)15 (75.0)13 (76.5)14 (70.0)0.844
 Spirolactone (%)13 (68.4)12 (60.0)11 (64.7)14 (70.0)0.638
 Diuretics (%)15 (78.9)14 (70.0)13 (76.5)13 (65.0)0.597
  • ALT, alanine aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; CHD, coronary heart disease; HbA1c, glycosylated haemoglobin; HCT, haematocrit; HGB, haemoglobin; HR, heart rate; IA, intensive aotrvastain; IABP, intra-aortic balloon pump; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; MI, myocardial infarction; MNCs, mononuclear cells; NS, not significant; PLT, platelet; RA, regular atorvastatin; RAASi, renin angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitor; SBP, systolic blood pressure; Scr, serum creatinine; WBC, white blood cell.