Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the full cohort

VariablesTotal (N=80)
Age, mean±SD (years)72±8.7
Male gender60 (75)
Body mass index, mean±SD (kg/m2)26±4.7
Diabetes mellitus34 (43)
Arterial hypertension72 (90)
COLD14 (18)
PAD9 (11)
Stroke16 (20)
Chronic renal disease33 (41)
Ischaemic cardiomyopathy39 (49)
Dilated cardiomyopathy41 (51)
Previous percutaneous coronary intervention34 (43)
Percutaneous coronary intervention within 3 months12 (15)
Previous cardiac surgery25 (31)
Previous CRT33 (41)
Previous ICD42 (53)
NYHA functional class, mean±SD3.3±0.46
Atrial fibrillation49 (61)
Logistic EuroSCORE, mean±SD34±20
EuroSCORE, mean±SD16±13
 ACE inhibitor/ARB64 (80)
 Beta-blocker68 (85)
 Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist59 (74)
 Loop diuretics76 (95)
 Digitoxin21 (26)
  • n (%) if not otherwise specified.

  • ARB, angiotensin receptor blocker; COLD, chronic obstructive lung disease; CRT, cardiac resynchronisation therapy; ICD, implanted cardioverter defibrillator; NYHA, New York Heart Association; PAD, peripheral artery disease.