Table 3

Indications for re-operation

Total 80Re-do complex surgery 39Re-do AVR 41P value
Endocarditis19 (23.8)13 (33.3)6 (14.6)0.044
 Root abscess12 (15)11 (28.2)1 (2.4)0.001
Bioprosthesis degeneration10 (12.5)1 (2.6)9 (22)0.009
Mechanical valve dysfunction4 (5)2 (5.1)2 (4.9)NS
Paravalvular leak5 (6.2)2 (5.1)3 (7.3)NS
New AV disease20 (25)4 (10.3)16 (39)0.003
Aortic aneurysm18 (22.5)15 (38.5)3 (7.3)0.001
Aortic dissection3 (3.8)3 (7.7)0NS
Aortic pseudoaneurysm7 (8.8)7 (16.9)00.005
Root degeneration14 (17.5)10 (25.6)4 (9.8)0.057
 Homograft8 (10)8 (20.5)00.002
 VSRR4 (5)04 (9.7)NS
 BioValsalva1 (1.2)1 (2.6)0NS
 Ross1 (1.2)1 (2.6)0NS
Patient–prosthesis Mismatch3 (3.8)1 (2.6)2 (4.9)NS
  • AV, aortic valve; AVR, aortic valve replacement; NS, not stated; VSRR, valve sparing root replacement.