Table 6

Intraoperative details

Total 80Re-do complex surgery 39Re-do
AVR 41
P value
Severe adhesions26 (32.5)19 (48.7)7 (17.1)0.002
Femoral cannulation10 (12.5)10 (25.6)00.000
Retrograde cardioplegia71 (88.8)32 (82.1)39 (95.1)0.066
CPB (mins)150.95±64.77190.5±65.36111.40±32.50.036
XC (mins)105.93±41.72132.86±40.4379.90±21.820.008
DHCA11 (13.8)11 (28.2)00.000
ACP4 (5)4 (10.3)0NS
IABP3 (3.7)1 (2.6)2 (4.9)NS
Additional mini-thoracotomy1 (1.2)1 (2.6)0NS
DHCA to release adhesions5 (6.2)5 (12.8)00.024
Patent LIMA11 (13.8)3 (7.7)8 (19.5)NS
Intraoperative complications9 (11.2)7 (17.9)2 (4.9)0.066
  • ACP, antegrade cerebral perfusion; AVR, aortic valve replacement; CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; DHCA, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest; IABP, intra-aortic balloon pump; LIMA, left internal mammary artery; NS, not stated; XC, cross clamp.