Table 4

Preprocedural characteristics and echocardiography between none/mild and moderate/severe TR grade

None/mild TR, n=36Moderate/severe TR, n=44P value
Age, mean±SD (years)70±8.373±8.80.08
Male gender25350.31
Chronic renal disease15181
Diabetes mellitus16180.82
Dilated cardiomyopathy18231
Ischaemic cardiomyopathy18211
NYHA functional class, mean±SD3.3±0.453.2±0.480.63
Previous CRT16170.65
Previous ICD18240.82
Logistic EuroSCORE, mean±SD32±2136±190.45
 LVEF, mean±SD (%)23±5.122±5.50.56
 MR grade, mean±SD2.9±0.333.0±0.370.21
 TR grade, mean±SD0.92±0.282.2±0.42<0.001
 LVDd, mean±SD (mm)73±7.273±5.70.98
 LVDs, mean±SD (mm)65±8.066±6.30.43
 LA, mean±SD (mm)52±6.955±9.30.12
 EDVI, mean±SD (mL/m2)131±41127±370.60
 ESVI, mean±SD (mL/m2)97±3696±350.88
 RVDd, mean±SD (mm)39±6.440±6.50.41
 RVDs, mean±SD (mm)33±6.234±6.20.27
 Systolic pulmonary artery (mm Hg)54±1755±140.73
 TAPSE, mean±SD (mm)15±4.814±4.50.40
 RVESP, mean±SD (mm Hg)52±1756±140.21
  • CRT, cardiac resynchronisation therapy; EDVI, end-diastolic volume index; ESVI, end-systolic volume index; ICD, implanted cardioverter defibrillator; LA, left atrium; LEVF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVDd, left ventricular diastolic diameter; LVDs, left ventricular systolic diameter; MR, mitral valve regurgitation; NYHA, New York Heart Association; PAD, peripheral artery disease; RVDd, right ventricular diastolic diameter; RVDs, right ventricular systolic diameter; RVESP, right ventricular end-systolic pressure; TAPSE, tricuspid annual plane systolic excursion; TR, tricuspid regurgitation.