Table 3

Reported outcomes in mass-media and personalised interventions

StudyPrehospital delayEMS useSymptom knowledge
MeasurementChangeMeasurementChangeMeasurementChange
Mass-media interventions
Bray et al19PHD ≤2 hours
(AOR)
+3.10
p=0.007
EMS use
(%)
+5
p=0.05
Increased ACS knowledge (%)+1
p=0.80
Thuresson et al(21n/rn/r
p>0.05
EMS use
(%)
+7.4
p=0.017
Tummala and Farshid20Median
(min)
−4
p=0.81
EMS use
(%)
+1
p=0.87
Pereira et al22Median
(min)
−24
p=0.008
EMS use
(%)
+24
p<0.001
Naegeli et al23Median
(min)
−17 
p<0.001
Diercks et al26Median
(hours)
−0.1
p=0.59
Luepker et al11Mean per year
(%)
−4.7 vs −6.8
p=0.54
EMS use
(%)
+20
p<0.005
Gaspoz et al14Median (min)
*only AMI
−285 /−40* p<0.002EMS use
(%)
+2
p=NS
Blohm et al15Median
(min)
−40
p<0.001
EMS use
(%)
+3; −1
p=NS
Bett et al32Median
(min)
n/r
p=NS
Moses et al27Median
(min)
−3, +9
p=NS
Ho et al28Median PD
(min)
−0.3
p=NS
EMS use
(%)
+2
p=NS
Increased AMI knowledge (%)+16.5%
p=0.002
Mitic and Perkins33PHD <2 hours
(%)
+15.5
p<0.05
Personalised interventions
Mooney et al30Median
(hours)
−5.4 hours p0.001EMS use
(%)
−0.4
p=0.51
Dracup et al29Median
(min)
−0.05
p=0.40
EMS use
(%)
−3
p=0.89
ACS Response
Index Score
Increase (n/r) p<0.0005
Blank and Smithline24Median
(min)
−20
p=NS
EMS use
(%)
+12
p=0.03
Meischke et al31Median
(min)
+14, +4, –6
p>0.9
Calls to EMS
(%)
+2.9, +3, 8, +1, 1, p=NS
Black and Brown25PHD <1/ <2/<6 hours (%)+111, +64, +40
p=sig.
Symptom awareness (%)+15–20
p=NA
  • ACS, acute coronary syndrome; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; AOR, adjusted odds ratio; EMS, emergency medical services; n/r, not reported; NS, not significant; PD, patient delay; PHD, prehospital delay.