Table 2

Campaign content and outcomes in the mass-media and personalised campaigns

StudyThe campaign message…
…emphasises signs and symptoms of ACS…emphasises the importance of EMS use…emphasises the need for fast action/therapy…is tailored to the individual…directly targets people at risk…involves an action plan…encourages the involvement of bystanders…significantly changes…
PHDEMSKED
Mode of delivery: mass media
 Bray et al19
(3, 4, 5)

(3, 4, 5)

(3, 4, 5)
n/rn/r
(4, 5)
n/rxx
 Thuresson et al21
(2, 3, 4)

(2, 3, 4)

(2, 3, 4)
n/rn/rn/rn/rx
 Tummala and Farshid20
(3, 4, 5)

(3, 4, 5)

(3, 4, 5)
n/rn/r
(4, 5)
n/rxx
 Pereira et al22
(2, 3, 4)

(2, 3, 4)

(2, 3, 4)
n/r
(2)
n/rn/r
 Naegeli et al23
(2, 3, 4, 5)

(2, 3, 4, 5)

(2, 3, 4, 5)
n/rn/rn/r
(2,4,5)
 Diercks et al26
(2, 3, 4, 5)
n/rn/rn/r
(2, 3, 4, 5)
n/rn/rx
 Luepker et al11
(2, 3, 4)

(2, 3, 4)

(2, 3, 4)
n/r
(1, 2, 4)

(3)

(3)
xx
 Gaspoz et al14
(3, 4)

(3, 4)

(3, 4)
n/r
(4)
n/rn/rx
 Blohm et al15
(3, 4)

(3, 4)

(3, 4)
n/rn/r
(3
n/rx
 Bett et al32
(3, 4)
n/r
(3, 4)
n/rn/rn/rn/rx
 Moses et al27
(2, 3, 4,)
n/r
(2, 3, 4)
n/rn/rn/rn/rx
 Ho et al28
(3)

(3)

(3)
n/rn/rn/rn/rx
 Mitic and Perkins33
(3)

(3)

(3)
n/rn/rn/rn/r
Mode of delivery: personalised
 Mooney et al30
(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1, 4)

(1)
x
 Dracup et al29
(1, 4)

(1, 4)

(1, 4)

(1, 4)

(1)

(1, 4)

(1)
xxx
 Blank and Smithline24
(1,4)

(1,4)
n/rn/r
(1)

(1)

(1)
x
 Meischke et al31
(3/4)

(3/4)

(3/4)
n/r
(4)
n/r
(4)
xx
 Black and Brown25
(2)
n/rn/rn/rn/rn/r
(2)
x
  • 1=one-to-one session, 2=groups/events/CVDscreening, 3=mass media, 4=written material, 5=internet.

  • ED, emergency department ; EMS, emergency medical service; K, ACS-related knowledge; n/r, not reported; PHD, prehospital delay.