Table 3

Linear regression analyses for the association of smoking status with RV systolic function assessed by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE)

UnivariateModel 1
βSEP valueβSEP value
Smoking status
 Never (ref.)Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
  • β=coefficient; model 1: adjusted for age, sex, race, years of education, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, use of antihypertensive medication, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, use of lipid-lowering medication and forced expiratory volume in one second, left ventricular ejection fraction, pulsed-Doppler dervied mitral E-wave/tissue-Doppler derived left ventricular lateral e’ ratio and coronary artery calcium score.

  • ref., reference; RV, right ventricular.