Table 2

Clinical scores at discharge according to treatment groups: long-term oral anticoagulant strategy (LTOAC) versus not on an LTOAC (no LTOAC)

All (n=400)LTOAC (n=274)No LTOAC (n=95)
Discharge
Length of stay, days14.0 (12.7)13.7 (13.3)14.8 (10.6)
NIHSS
0109 (29.6)87 (31.8)22 (23.4)
1–4141 (38.3)113 (41.2)28 (29.8)
5–953 (14.4)35 (12.8)18 (19.1)
10–2051 (13.9)33 (12.0)18 (19.1)
≥2114 (3.8)6 (2.2)8 (8.5)
RANKIN
0–1—no disability141 (35.5)109 (40.2)32 (33.7)
2–3—needing some help132 (33.2)106 (39.1)26 (27.4)
4–5—dependent or bedridden93 (23.4)56 (20.7)37 (38.9)
6—death31 (7.8)0 (0)0 (0)
Stratify
0—low risk of fall242 (68.0)182 (68.7)60 (65.9)
1—moderate risk of fall81 (22.8)63 (23.8)18 (19.8)
≥2—high risk of fall33 (9.3)20 (7.5)13 (14.3)
MMSE
≥30—cognition normal23 (13.6)19 (14.2)4 (11.4)
25–30—mild cognitive impairment69 (40.8)53 (39.6)16 (45.7)
≤24—moderate to severe cognitive impairment77 (45.6)62 (46.3)15 (42.9)
ASCOD
Atherothrombosis
 A0—no atherosclerosis57 (14.2)42 (15.3)12 (12.6)
 A3—atherosclerosis but not directly causal177 (44.3)121 (44.2)42 (44.2)
 A2—ipsilateral atherosclerosis <50%87 (21.8)68 (24.8)13 (13.7)
 A1—ipsilateral atherosclerosis >50%44 (11.0)35 (12.8)7 (7.4)
 A9—insufficient workup to grade A35 (8.7)8 (2.9)21 (22.1)
Small vessel disease
 S0—no small vessel disease286 (71.5)217 (79.2)48 (50.5)
 S30—severe leukoaraiosis, old lacune, microbleed53 (13.3)35 (12.8)16 (16.9)
 S2—small deep infarct without old lacunes8 (2.0)6 (2.2)2 (2.1)
 S1—small deep infarct with old lacunes1 (0.2)1 (0.3)0 (0)
 S9—insufficient workup to grade S52 (13.0)15 (5.5)29 (30.5)
Cardiac disease
 C1—definite cardiac source of embolism367 (91.7)265 (96.7)76 (80.0)
 C3—causally unrelated cardiac abnormality3 (0.8)2 (0.7)1 (1.1)
 C9—insufficient workup to grade C30 (7.5)7 (2.6)18 (18.9)
  • NIHSS, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale.