Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the patients according to the severity of tricuspid regurgitation

Total population
Moderate TR (n=123)Severe TR
P value
Age (year)72±1472±1472±140.742
Male/female (%)44/5646/5441/590.419
Height (m)1.66±0.101.66±0.101.65±0.150.370
Weight (kg)71±1674±1768±150.015
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.0±5.426.7±5.824.8±4.50.028
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)134±20135±20132±200.435
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)73±1273±1272±120.664
Diabetes (%)3138210.015
Hypertension (%)8480920.028
Hypercholesterolaemia (%)6971650.382
Smoking (%)3433340.919
Coronary artery disease (%)4850460.602
Overall atrial fibrillation (%)7875820.250
Chronic lung disease (%)141880.042
Pacemaker or ICD at baseline (%)2626260.983
Overall pacemaker or ICD (%)3131310.963
Baseline LVEF (%)49±1450±1450±140.771
Baseline LVEF≤40% (%)2322260.542
Baseline TAPSE (mm)18.3±5.518.5±5.017.9±6.00.466
RV (S’) (cm/s)11.3±3.411.6±3.510.8±3.20.281
RV dysfunction at baseline (%)4341470.440
RV systolic pressure (mm Hg)36±1537±1336±170.850
Right atrial pressure (mm Hg)11±610±612±60.07
SPAP (mm Hg)47±1647±1647±180.873
Pulmonary hypertension (%)6663700.340
RV basal diameter (cm)4.2±0.64.1±0.54.7±0.6<0.001
Right atrium end-systolic area (cm2)28±927±830±100.002
Right atrium annular dilatation (%)7468830.020
Vena contracta (mm)7.8±3.25.7±1.49.0±3.20.005
Tricuspid valve replacement (%)6.22.411.60.007
Mitral valve replacement (%)1916230.216
Aortic valve replacement (%)2224190.389
Significant left-sided VHD (%)4542490.348
Moderate or severe MR (%)3937430.348
Moderate or severe MS (%)6760.839
Moderate or severe AR (%)6580.337
Moderate or severe AS (%)9890.766
Mean follow-up (months)70±3368±3471±320.567
Deaths during follow-up (%)5961560.456
  • AR, aortic regurgitation; AS, aortic stenosis;ICD, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; MR, mitral regurgitation; MS, mitral stenosis;RV, right ventricle/ventricular;SPAP, systolic pulmonary artery pressure; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion;TR, tricuspid regurgitation; VHD, valvular heart disease.