Table 1

Catheterisation laboratory layout and hospital stay for TAVI

Control group (initial setup)Procedural-refinement group
AnaesthesiaGeneral anaesthesiaConscious sedation
Valve implantedSAPIEN XT and S3SAPIEN 3
Femoral access and closureSurgical cut-downPredominantly percutaneous access and closure using ProGlide
Periprocedural echocardiographyTEE and radiological guidance to facilitate precise valve positioningRadiologically guided valve positioning; post TAVI TTE
Scrub nurse support1 catheter laboratory staff nurse +1 cardiothoracic staff nurse1 catheter laboratory staff nurse
Postprocedure careLevel 3 care on ICUMostly cardiology ward/CCU
Length of hospital stayMinimum 72 hours24–72 hours
  • CCU, coronary care unit; ICU, intensive care unit; TAVI, transcatheter aortic valve implantation; TEE, transoesophageal echocardiogram; TTE, transthoracic echocardiography.