Table 1

Example neurodevelopmental assessment tools commonly used in CHD

AssessmentAge rangeScores
Bayley Scales of Development, Version III*
Expressive language
Receptive language
Fine motor
Gross motor
1–42 months≥8 normal
6–7 mild
2–6 moderate
1–2 severe
Wechsler Scales of Intelligence, Version IV*
Full-scale IQ
  • Verbal IQ

  • Performance IQ

Preschool and primary
2.5 years–7 years 7 months
6–16 years
>16 years
≥130 superior or ‘gifted’
120–129 very high
110–119 bright normal
>90 average–low average
69–70 borderline mental functionality
<69 mental retardation
  • *These assessments are commonly used assessment tools in the CHD population but various other assessments have been used for evaluation in children and adolescents with CHD including: Woodcock Johnson; Wide Range Achievement Test; Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals; Expressive Vocabulary Test; Neuropsychological Assessment; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test; Visual-Motor Integration; Conners’ Continuous Performance Test; Children’s Memory Scale; Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning; Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function; Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System; Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency; Peabody Developmental Motor Scales; Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised; Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale; Child Behavior Checklist; Youth Self-Report; Conners’ Rating Scale-Revised; Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children; Basic Assessment System for Children and Diagnostic Adaptive Behavior Scale.22

  • CHD, congenital heart disease.