Table 1

Baseline characteristics of all patients and stratified according to CAC score

VariableAll patients
(n=1753)
CAC=0
(n=915)
CAC >0
(n=838)
P value
Age (years), mean±SD56.8±12.051.7±11.162.3±10.5<0.0001
Male gender, N (%)810 (46.2%)360 (39.3%)450 (53.7%)<0.0001
Hypertension, N (%)564 (32.3%)198 (21.6%)366 (43.7%)<0.0001
Diabetes mellitus, N (%)135 (7.7%)40 (4.4%)95 (11.3%)<0.0001
Obesity, N (%)211 (12.0%)98 (10.7%)113 (13.5%)0.0746
Smoking history, N (%)462 (26.4%)219 (23.9%)243 (29.0%)0.0162
Family history, N (%)559 (31.9%)300 (32.8%)259 (30.9%)0.3989
  • CAC, coronary artery calcification;N, number.