Table 1

Preprocedural demographic and clinical characteristics according to PPI following TAVI

All patientsPPINo PPI
(n=200)(n=41)(n=159)P value
Age (years), mean (SD)81.0 (7.7)82.1 (7.3)80.7 (7.8)0.29
Male, n (%)98 (49.0)21 (51.2)77 (48.4)0.86
Body mass index (kg/m2), mean (SD)28.4 (6.0)28.3 (5.7)28.4 (6.1)0.93
Height (cm), mean (SD)167.6 (10.3)168.6 (9.4)167.4 (10.5)0.47
Weight (kg), mean (SD)79.9 (18.5)80.8 (18.5)79.7 (18.6)0.73
Creatinine (mg/dL), mean (SD)1.05 (0.84)1.02 (0.58)1.05 (0.9)0.81
Left ventricle EF (%), mean (SD)55.7 (11.5)57.5 (10.1)55.3 (11.8)0.24
QRS duration (ms), mean (SD)108.7 (24.0)115.7 (26.2)106.9 (23.1)0.05
RBBB, n (%)34 (17.0)18 (43.9)16 (10.1)<0.01
LBBB, n (%)14 (7.0)1 (2.4)13 (8.2)0.31
Atrial fibrillation, n (%)61 (30.5)13 (31.7)48 (30.2)0.85
Coronary artery disease, n (%)133 (66.5)26 (63.4)107 (67.3)0.71
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, n (%)42 (21.0)8 (19.5)34 (21.4)0.99
Cerebral vascular accident, n (%)17 (8.5)7 (17.1)10 (6.3)0.05
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)62 (31.0)15 (36.6)47 (29.6)0.45
Hypertension, n (%)179 (89.5)38 (92.7)141 (88.7)0.58
Peripheral vascular disease, n (%)38 (19.0)11 (26.8)27 (17.0)0.18
Renal disease, n (%)58 (29.0)14 (34.1)44 (27.7)0.44
The Society of Thoracic Surgery Risk Score, mean (SD)4.7 (2.8)5.2 (3.4)4.6 (2.7)0.26
  • P value from independent samples t-test for continuous variables and Fisher's exact test for categorical variables.

  • EF, ejection fraction; LBBB, left bundle branch block; PPI, permanent pacemaker insertion; RBBB, right bundle branch block; TAVI, transcatheter aortic valve implantation.