Table 5

Association between country characteristics as well as female senior authorship and percentage of female authors as a dependant variable on parametric regression analysis

ParameterCorrelation coefficientP value
Univariable analysis
GDP in 10 000 US$/capita (2010)0.0336<0.0001
Number of physicians per 1000 inhabitants (2010)0.0477<0.0001
Human development index (2010)0.0353<0.0001
Gender inequality index (2010)−0.0153<0.0001
Senior author female0.3651<0.0001
Multivariable analysisCoefficientP value
GDP in 10 000 US$/capita (2010)−0.08030.32
Number of physicians per 1000 inhabitants (2010)0.4108<0.0001
Human development index (2010)0.67360.33
Gender inequality index (2010)0.0270.25
Senior author female0.3412<0.0001
  • Significant p values are in bold.

  • GDP, gross domestic product.