Table 8

BCTs and additional techniques used in effective and ineffective studies in ACS (n=5)

BCT numberBCT labelFrequencyEffective ACS
studies in which
this BCT is
present, n (out of 3)
ACS studies in
which this BCT is
present, n (out of 2)
1.1Goal-setting (behaviour)110
1.4Action planning2731
3.1Social support (unspecified)210
3.2Social support (practical)311
4.1Instruction on how to perform the behaviour410
4.2Information about antecedents101
5.1Information about health consequences1621
5.2Salience of consequences401
6.1Demonstration of the behaviour300
7.1Prompts and cues511
8.1Behavioural practice/rehearsal311
8.2Behaviour substitution110
9.1Credible source510
11.2Reduce negative emotions100
12.5Adding objects to the environment300
13.1Identification of self as a role model100
15.1Verbal persuasion about capability100
Additional techniques
AT1Provision of factual information (eg, on signs and symptoms of disease)3631
AT2Instruction on behaviour (what to do)3330
AT3Instruction on intermediate behaviour100
AT4Information about health consequences of intermediate behaviour100
AT5Reflecting on past experiences110
  • ACS, acute coronary syndrome; BCTs, behaviour change techniques.