Table 5

Distribution of BCTs among studies of effective and ineffective interventions (n=39)

BCT numberBCT labelFrequencyEffective studies in which this BCT is present, n (out of 20)Ineffective studies in which this BCT is present, n (out of 19)
1.1Goal-setting (behaviour)110
1.4Action planning271413
3.1Social support (unspecified)211
3.2Social support (practical)312
4.1Instruction on how to perform the behaviour413
4.2Information about antecedents101
5.1Information about health consequences1688
5.2Salience of consequences413
6.1Demonstration of the behaviour303
7.1Prompts and cues532
8.1Behavioural practice/rehearsal312
8.2Behaviour substitution110
9.1Credible source532
11.2Reduce negative emotions101
12.5Adding objects to the environment321
13.1Identification of self as a role model101
15.1Verbal persuasion about capability101
Additional techniques
AT1Provision of factual information (eg, on signs and symptoms)361818
AT2Instruction on behaviour (what to do)321715
AT3Instruction on intermediate behaviour101
AT4Information about health consequences of intermediate behaviour101
AT5Reflecting on past experiences110
  • BCTs, behaviour change techniques.