Table 1

Patient characteristics

Obstructive CAD
(n=443)
No obstructive CAD (n=536)P values
Age (years)65±1160±12<0.001
Male gender (%, n)67% (297)52% (281)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)28±528±60.543
Heart rate (beats/min)68±1471±160.014
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)145±22140±21<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)81±1280±130.223
Use of antihypertensive drugs (%, n)77% (339)63% (339)<0.001
Hypercholesterolaemia (%, n)74% (326)66% (352)0.008
Diabetes mellitus (%, n)18% (79)15% (82)0.287
Established coronary artery disease (%, n)59% (263)39% (209)<0.001
 Previous MI (%, n)36% (158)21% (113)<0.001
 Previous PCI (%, n)46% (205)33% (177)<0.001
 Previous CABG (%, n)18% (80)14% (74)0.069
Family history of CAD (%, n)50% (220)53% (285)0.274
Smoking status0.008
 Current smoker (%, n)29% (130)27% (143)
 Former smoker (%, n)44% (195)38% (201)
GRACE risk score83±2276±24<0.001
  • Values are % (n) or mean±SD.

  • BMI, body mass index; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; CAD, coronary artery disease; GRACE, Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events; MI, myocardial infarction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention.