Table 3

Regression coefficients for former or current smokers compared with never smokers

VariableFormer versus neverCurrent versus never
 Regression coefficientpRegression coefficientp
Left ventricular structure and function
 LVEDV, mL3.090.094.740.0088
 LVESV, mL2.0770.0163.790.0008
 LVEF, %−0.90.010−0.1660.013
 LVM, g10.170.0096.410.09
 RVAd, cm20.880.0030.630.06
Right ventricular structure and function
 TAPSE, cm−0.020.51−0.070.08
 RV peak S velocity, cm/s0.020.92−0.650.009
 RVOT VTI, cm−0.80.005−1.150.0002
RVSV, mL−1.030.51−3.650.02
 TR max peak gradient, mm Hg−0.220.67−2.060.0003
 TR max velocity, cm/s−1.570.63−13.40.0003
  • Bold denotes statistically significant associations (p≤0.01)

  • E/e′, transmitral E velocity to mitral annulus e′ velocity; LVEDV, left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVESV, left ventricular end-systolic volume; LVM, left ventricular mass; RVAd, right ventricular area at diastole; RVFAC, right ventricular fractional area change; RVOT, right ventricular outflow tract; RVSV, right ventricular stroke volume; RWT, relative wall thickness; TAPSE, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion; TR, tricuspid regurgutation; VTI, velocity time integral.