TableĀ 1

International guidelines: modified indications for antibiotic prophylaxis against IE

French recommendations 2002AHA 2007ESC 2007UK NICE 2008
Dental procedures involving manipulation of gingival tissue in high-risk patientsYesYesYesNo
Prosthetic valveYesYesYesNo
Previous IEYesYesYesNo
Congenital heart diseaseYesYesYesNo
Cardiac transplantation with valvular heart diseaseNot specifiedYesNoNo
Intermediate riskOptionalNoNoNo
  • AHA, American Heart Association; ESC, European Society of Cardiology; IE, infective endocarditis; NICE, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.