Table 4

Atherosclerotic risk factors as determinants of HR (N=175)

IncrementHR 24 h
Δ(95% CI)p Value
Age10 years−0.6(−2.8 to 1.7)0.617
GenderM vs F−6.2(−9.0 to −3.4)0.001
RaceBlack vs non-black2.7(−1.7 to 7.1)0.234
BMI5 kg/m20.4(−1.3 to 2.2)0.627
CRP*Doubling1.3(0.4 to 2.3)0.007
PAI-125 ng/Ml1.2(−0.2 to 2.7)0.093
TNFα3 pg/mL−1.7(−3.0 to −0.3)0.015
IL-6*Doubling1.1(−0.1 to 2.4)0.077
Adiponectin*Doubling1.0(−0.7 to 2.7)0.270
QUICKI0.03−2.8(−4.4 to −1.1)0.001
  • Δ, Mean difference of HR (in bpm) corresponding to the increment shown for each variable.

  • *Log-transformed.

  • BMI, body mass index; CRP, C reactive protein; F, female; HR, heart rate; IL-6, interleukin-6; M, male; PAI-1, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; QUICKI, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index; TNF, tumour necrosis factor.