Table 2

Characteristics of patients hospitalised with AF in France in 2012 (all p<0.001)

Patients discharged alive
n=482 879
Patients who died during hospitalisation
n=50 165
Age, mean (SD), years77.6±11.582.3±9.3
Women, %47.147.6
Cumulative length of stay in hospital (or to death), median (IQR), median (IQR), days9.0 (4.0–17.0)14.0 (6.0–28.0)
Comorbidities*, %
 Alcohol-related diagnosis5.97.5
 Cancer in preceding 5 years17.830.2
 Diabetes mellitus24.026.7
 Inflammatory disease9.511.9
 Liver failure4.38.8
 Lung disease21.334.2
 Neurological disease9.915.6
 Renal failure21.239.1
 Thyroid disease13.314.3
Cardiovascular history (%)
 Major haemorrhage†2.43.3
  Any severe bleeding1.11.5
 Systemic embolism3.04.4
 Transient ischaemic attack3.03.3
 Vascular disease17.222.4
  Myocardial infarction7.89.6
  Peripheral artery disease9.413.4
  Occlusion of precerebral artery or other arterial disorder4.25.7
  Other ischaemic heart disease21.725.6
  Symptoms of AF leading to hospitalisation7.46.5
 Heart failure28.341.8
 Cardiac dysrhythmia7.68.3
 Abnormal cardiac conduction16.018.9
 Valvular disease/surgery13.517.3
 Mitral stenosis0.80.9
Accidental falls9.515.4
Risk scores
 CHA2DS2-VASc, mean (SD)4.0 (1.8)4.6 (1.6)
 CHA2DS2-VASc, median (IQR)4.0 (3.0–5.0)5.0 (4.0–6.0)
  Score 0–3, %38.624.3
  Score 4–6, %53.863.9
  Score 7–9, %7.611.8
 HAS-BLED, mean (SD)2.1 (1.1)2.6 (1.1)
 HAS-BLED, median (IQR)2.0 (1.0–3.0)2.0 (2.0–3.0)
  Score 0–2, %68.250.4
  Score ≥3%31.849.6
  • *From the International Classification of Disease 10th edition (ICD-10) codes (see online supplementary table S1).

  • †Bleeding leading to a hospitalisation: intracranial haemorrhage, gastrointestinal haemorrhage, other major bleeding.

  • AF, atrial fibrillation; CHA2DS2-VASc, Cardiac failure or dysfunction, Hypertension, Age ≥75 (Doubled), Diabetes, Stroke (Doubled)-Vascular disease, Age 65–74 and Sex category (Female); HAS-BLED, Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding history or predisposition, Labile international normalised ratio (INR), Elderly, Drugs/alcohol concomitantly.