Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of men and women

Women (n=1920)Men (n=1621)p Value
Age61.0 (46.0–73.0)58.0 (42.0–71.0)<0.001
Height (cm)166 (158–174)180 (170–187)<0.001
Weight (kg)70 (56–90)86 (71–105)<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)25.3 (20.8–32.8)26.8 (22.8–32.4)<0.001
Smoking<0.001
 Never45.9%34.3%
 Former34.7%42.0%
 Current19.4%23.8%
Family history of ischaemic heart disease53.0%45.4%<0.001
Diabetes mellitus6.4%9.2%0.002
Cholesterol-lowering treatment32.3%35.9%0.03
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)135 (114–165)137 (118–160)0.34
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)80 (68–94)82 (70–95)<0.001
Medical treatment for hypertension40.0%37.7%0.16
Left ventricular ejection fraction60 (60–65)60 (60–65)<0.001
Plasma creatinine (µmol/L)66 (54–82)82 (67–99)<0.001
  • Values are medians with 10th and 90th centiles in parentheses for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables. The test used for categorical variables was Pearson's χ2 test. The test used for continuous variables was the Mann–Whitney test. Number of missing values: height, 152; weight, 141; body mass index, 159; smoking, 136; family history of ischaemic heart disease, 174; diabetes mellitus, 110; cholesterol-lowering treatment, 57; systolic blood pressure, 223; diastolic blood pressure, 225; medical treatment for hypertension, 82; left ventricular ejection fraction, 210; plasma creatinine, 319.