Table 2

Echocardiographic findings

EchocardiographyAll 51 IE cases
Transthoracic echocardiography, n (%)51 (100)
Transoesophageal echocardiography, n (%)34 (66.7)
Vegetation, n* (%)39 (76.5)
Vegetation size ≥10 mm†25 (49.0)
Vegetation size ≥15 mm†13 (25.5)
Mobile vegetation‡39 (76.5)
Severe aortic regurgitation, n§ (%)7 (13.7)
Severe mitral regurgitation, n§ (%)8 (15.7)
Perivalvular abscess, n (%)5 (9.8)
Fistula, n§ (%)1 (2.0)
Valvular obstruction, n¶ (%)7 (13.7)
New abscess or fistula on serial echocardiography, n** (%)5 (9.8)
Increased severity in valvular regurgitation on serial echocardiography, n** (%)7 (13.7)
  • *Missing data in two cases.

  • †Missing data in 11 cases.

  • Missing data in nine cases.

  • §Missing data in one case.

  • ¶Missing data in three cases.

  • **Missing data in four cases; no pseudoaneurysm was noted.

  • IE, infective endocarditis.