Table 3

Cardiogenic shock and heart failure in patients with LVEF ≤35% or LVEF >35% at presentation of their STEMI

VariablesIn-hospital EF ≥35%In hospital EF ≤35%p Value*
n2904332
Cardiogenic shock, n (%)23 (1)6 (2)0.06
Pulmonary oedema, n (%)16 (1)8 (2)<0.01
Cardiac arrest, n (%)194 (7)31 (9)0.07
Peak troponin mg/dL54±116107±173<0.01
  • *Comparison of patients with LVEF ≤35% versus patients with LVEF >35%.

  • EF, ejection fraction; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction.