Table 1

Baseline characteristics

Variable (n=74)All patients (n=74)Functional MR (n=46)Degenerative MR (n=28)p Value*
Age (years)72±1271±1373±120.58
Female sex (%)20 (27%)12 (26%)8 (29%)0.82
Logistic EuroSCORE (%)21±1728±2015±10<0.01
MR severity
 Severe48 (65%)26 (57%)22 (79%)0.05
 Moderate-severe26 (35%)20 (44%)6 (21%)
Coronary artery disease (%)28 (38%)32 (70%)6 (21%)<0.01
COPD (%)16 (22%)10 (22%)6 (21%)0.98
Chronic kidney disease (%)35 (47%)28 (61%)7 (25%)<0.01
Atrial fibrillation (%)26 (35%)23 (50%)3 (11%)<0.01
LV-EF (%)47±1936±1564±10<0.01
LV-EDV (mL)161±96185±109120±43<0.01
Mitral valve annulus (4Ch, mm)42±642±741±50.66
Mean transmitral valve gradient (mm Hg)2.3±1.32.2±1.42.5±1.10.43
LAVI (mL/m2)61±2666±2953±180.09
PASP (mm Hg)48±1648±1447±180.70
More than mild TR16 (22%)14 (30%)2 (7%)<0.01
  • *p Values for comparisons between patients with functional and degenerative MR.

  • 4Ch, four chamber view; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; EuroSCORE, European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; LAVI, left atrial volume index; LV-EDV, left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LV-EF, left ventricular ejection fraction; MR, mitral regurgitation; PASP, pulmonary artery systolic pressure; TR, tricuspid regurgitation.