Table 1

Frailty risk assessment scores

Number of indicators54565
Weight loss >5 kg in preceding yearYY
Grip strength >16 kgYYYY
Low levels of physical activityYY
6 min walk <210 mYYY
SF-36 <40% for energy and vitalityY
Get-up-and-go >17 sY
FEV1 <30%Y
Put on and remove jacketY
Pick up a pen from floorY
Get up and down from a chair—performed three timesYY
Feeling weak over the past 2 weeksY
Serum creatinineY
Stair climb assessmentY
CSHA Clinical Frailty ScaleY
  • CAF, comprehensive assessment of frailty; CSHA, Canadian study of health and ageing; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FFS, Fried frailty score; FORECAST, Frailty predicts death 1 year after Elective Cardiac Surgery Test; MFS, motor fitness scale; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination; MSSA, McArthur study of successful ageing.