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Original research
Impact of transcatheter aortic valve implantation on mechanical dispersion
  1. Lars Gunnar Klaeboe1,2,
  2. Pål Haugar Brekke1,
  3. Lars Aaberge1,
  4. Kristina Haugaa1,2 and
  5. Thor Edvardsen1,2
  1. 1Department of Cardiology and Center for Cardiological Innovation, Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
  2. 2K.G. Jebsen Center for Cardiac Research, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  1. Correspondence to Dr Thor Edvardsen; thor.edvardsen{at}medisin.uio.no

Abstract

Objectives The physiological determinants of left ventricular (LV) mechanical dispersion (MD) are not fully explored. We aimed to investigate the impact of afterload reduction and changes in ventricular conduction on LV MD after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Methods Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) were examined in a prospective, repeated measures observational cohort study before and after an uncomplicated transfemoral TAVI in a single tertiary centre. LV MD was assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography. Valvulo-arterial impedance (ZVA) was used as a measure of global afterload.

Results We included 140 consecutive patients (83±8 years old, 49% women, logistic EuroSCORE 16±10) with severe AS (valve area 0.7±0.2 cm2, mean transvalvular gradient 54±18 mm Hg) and a relatively preserved LV ejection fraction (52%±11%). After TAVI, we observed favourable changes in transvalvular gradients and ZVA in all patients. Compared with baseline, postprocedural MD was significantly lower in 108 patients with unchanged ventricular conduction (55±17 ms vs 51±17 ms, p=0.02) and higher in 28 patients with TAVI-induced left bundle branch block (51±13 ms vs 62±19 ms, p≤0.001). During 22±9 months observation, 22 patients died. Postprocedural MD was associated with mortality in a univariate Cox regression model (HR=1.24 (1.01–1.52), p<0.04, per 10 ms increase).

Conclusions Isolated afterload reduction was associated with reduction of MD, while concomitant impairment of ventricular conduction resulted in a more pronounced MD after TAVI, indicating that loading conditions and conduction should be considered when evaluating MD. A pronounced postprocedural LV MD was associated with mortality.

  • echocardiography
  • transthoracic
  • percutaneous valve therapy
  • aortic valve disease
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Footnotes

  • Twitter @lklaboe

  • Contributors LGK, KH and TE planned the design of this study. LGK collected and analysed echocardiographic data. LGK, PHB, LA, KH and TE contributed to data analysis and interpretation. LGK drafted the manuscript. All authors critically revised the manuscript and approved the final version.

  • Funding Center for Cardiological Innovation is supported by a grant (203489) from the Research Council of Norway and the K.G. Jebsen Center for Cardiac Research. This work was supported by the Research Council of Norway funding the Center for Cardiological Innovation (203489) and the K.G. Jebsen Center for Cardiac Research.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval The study was approved by the Regional Committee for Medical Research Ethics and complied with the Declaration of Helsinki.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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