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Greater aortic inflammation and calcification in abdominal aortic aneurysmal disease than atherosclerosis: a prospective matched cohort study
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  • Published on:
    Aortic Inflammation and Calcification in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysmal Disease
    • Anirudh Chandrashekar, DPhil Student University of Oxford
    • Other Contributors:
      • Nicos Labropoulos, Professor of Surgery and Radiology and Director, Non-Invasive Vascular Laboratory

    The prospective matched-cohort study by Joshi et al., investigated inflammation in both AAA and atherosclerosis using 18-FDG PET to generate non-invasive imaging biomarkers for aneurysm expansion and destabilization[1]. Such work is of great importance as atherosclerosis and AAA often co-exist and share many of the same underlying risk factors and pathologies including vascular inflammation and calcification. However, the magnitude and distribution of these processes both locally and globally were not previously investigated and could provide novel insight into AAA progression.

    It was shown that asymptomatic aortic aneurysms had greater inflammatory activity not only in the aneurysmal region but also throughout the entire aorta when compared to the atherosclerotic cohort. This diffuse inflammation of the aorta in AAA patients is supported by our ongoing work investigating the role of the aneurysm in affecting systemic endothelial change. This is assessed by measuring the flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery [2, 3]. FMD decreases with increased maximum diameter of the aneurysmal sac and reverses following surgical intervention. This suggests that the local aneurysm itself to be a nidus of stimulus for inciting global change during the aneurysm’s natural history[4].

    Furthermore, they show that aneurysms with intra-luminal thrombi (ILT) demonstrated lower 18-FDG uptake both within the thrombus and in the adjacent aortic wall. Here, the authors...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.