Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Original research article
Optical coherence tomography versus intravascular ultrasound to evaluate stent implantation in patients with calcific coronary artery disease
  1. Ingibjorg Gudmundsdottir1,
  2. Philip Adamson1,
  3. Calum Gray2,
  4. James C Spratt3,
  5. Miles W Behan1,
  6. Peter Henriksen1,
  7. David E Newby2,
  8. Nicholas Mills2,
  9. Neal G Uren1 and
  10. Nicholas L Cruden1
  1. 1Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  2. 2University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  3. 3Forth Valley Royal Hospital, Larbert, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nicholas L Cruden; nick.cruden{at}


Aims Stent underexpansion and malapposition are associated with adverse outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention, but detection and treatment can be challenging in the presence of extensive coronary artery calcification. Frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) is a novel intravascular imaging technique with greater spatial resolution than intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) but its role in the presence of extensive coronary calcification remains unclear. We sought to determine the utility of FD-OCT compared to IVUS imaging to guide percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with severe calcific coronary artery disease.

Methods 18 matched IVUS and FD-OCT examinations were evaluated following coronary stent implantation in 12 patients (10 male; mean age 70±7 years) undergoing rotational atherectomy for symptomatic calcific coronary artery disease.

Results In-stent luminal areas were smaller (minimum in-stent area 6.77±2.18 vs 7.19±2.62 mm2, p<0.05), while reference lumen dimensions were similar with FD-OCT compared with IVUS. Stent malapposition was detected in all patients by FD-OCT and in 10 patients by IVUS. The extent of stent malapposition detected was greater (20% vs 6%, p<0.001) with FD-OCT compared to IVUS. Postdilation increased the in-stent luminal area (minimum in-stent area: 8.15±1.90 vs 7.30±1.62 mm2, p<0.05) and reduced the extent of stent malapposition (19% vs 34%, p<0.005) when assessed by FD-OCT, but not IVUS.

Conclusions Acute stent malapposition occurs frequently in patients with calcific coronary disease undergoing rotational atherectomy and stent implantation. In the presence of extensive coronary artery calcification, FD-OCT affords enhanced stent visualisation and detection of malapposition, facilitating improved postdilation stent apposition and minimal luminal areas.

Trial Registration number NCT02065102.


This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

View Full Text

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles